The Pinnacle Nature Reserve

The Pinnacle Nature Reserve panorama



The Pinnacle Nature Reserve

The Pinnacle Nature Reserve, part of Canberra Nature Park, is a 136 hectare reserve in West Belconnen which has great views across the Molonglo River Valley and is popular for walking, running, cycling and dog walking.

The reserve is part of an extensive landscape of remnant wooded vegetation that stretches from Black Mountain through to the Molonglo and Murrumbidgee rivers in the west. The reserve is an important link for the regional movement of woodland birds.

It protects a small area of endangered Yellow Box-Blakely’s Red Gum Grassy Woodland and is the habitat of several plants which are rare in the ACT. Surface rock outcrops on the southern facing slopes are habitat of the vulnerable Pink-tailed Worm-lizard (Aprasia parapulchella).

Horse riding is permitted on the Bicentennial National Trail which follows the northern boundary.


  • Nature appreciation
  • Bird watching
  • Walking
  • Horse riding (only on designated trails)
  • Mountain biking (only on formed vehicle trails)
  • Dogs are allowed on leash


Cultural Landscape – A continuing connection to country

Aboriginal people lived in and managed the landscape in this region for thousands of years and have maintained a connection to the land to the present day. Generations of Aboriginal people have cared for Country, and have been sustained, physically and spiritually through their relationship with the land, waterways and cosmology.

Traditional Custodians have actively managed the landscape through activities such ‘fire stick farming’ and selectively cultivating certain plants, which created the landscapes first seen by explorers and pastoral settlers.

Continuation of knowledge

Traditionally, the local Ngunnawal people shared knowledge and responsibility for Caring for Country. Today, this cultural knowledge continues to be passed down to younger generations and has a role to play in the management of ACT reserves. Aboriginal community organisations and the Murumbung Rangers in the ACT Parks and Conservation Service run cultural activities to educate the wider community about the cultural landscape, heritage values and land conservation practices.

Visit Murumbung Yurung Murra cultural activities to find out more about participating in cultural activities or attend a cultural tour with a local Traditional Custodian.

Heritage sites

The reserve protects five Aboriginal heritage sites including stone artefacts, occurring individually and in small scatters on the surface, and a number of areas are likely to contain further Aboriginal heritage sites.

These sites are of cultural significance to Traditional Custodians, linking generations of Aboriginal people over time, and they are also of archaeological significance as an important source of information on the history of the reserve and the ACT region.

Sites are listed on the ACT Heritage Register. If cultural artefacts are found they must not be disturbed to prevent a breach of the ACT Government Heritage Act 2004.

Historic Heritage

The Belconnen area was settled by pastoral settlers in the mid 1800s and much of The Pinnacle is likely to have been cleared in the past for stock grazing.

Over 4000 trees and shrubs were planted on the reserve through Government employment schemes in the mid-1980s. Many of these species are not endemic to the area.



Vegetation communities and associations

Much of the reserve has been previously cleared. Mixed eucalypt plantations, established in the 1980s, have high conservation value with mature trees likely to provide important habitat for a range of species, including threatened species.

In the north-west there is a small area of endangered Yellow Box-Blakely's Red Gum Grassy Woodland, and an area of open shrubby forest dominated by Red Stringy Bark (E. macrorhyncha). Regenerating forest dominated by Brittle Gum (E. mannifera) is on the steeper southern slopes.

Several patches of Drooping She-oak (Allocasuarina verticillata) occur, which are a potential food source for the threatened Glossy Black-Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus lathami).

Plants – Land of diversity

The Pinnacle is one of the few known ACT locations of Little Dumpies (Diplodium truncatum) and also supports a population of native Tick Bush (Indigofera adesmiifolia). Other rare plants species occurring at The Pinnacle include Bristly Rock Fern (Cheilanthes distans), Narrow Plantain (Plantago gaudichaudii), Silky Swainson-pea (Swainsona sericea), Twining Fringed Lily (Thysanotis patersonii), Yam Daisy (Microseris lanceolata) and Yellow Burr Daisy (Calotis lappulacea).

Some parts of the reserve have substantially modified woodland vegetation and secondary grasslands. The dominant ground layer vegetation comprises native perennial grasses together with introduced species.

Animals – Home to many

The Pinnacle protects a population of the vulnerable Pink-tailed Worm Lizard (Aprasia parapulchella) and provides habitat for woodland birds including the threatened Varied Sittella (Daphoenositta chrysoptera) and Glossy Black-Cockatoo. The Specked Warbler (Chthonicola sagittata) and Scarlet Robin (Petroica boodang) have also been recorded in the reserve.


Friends of The Pinnacle conducts regular activities such as weeding, tree planting and maintenance, interpretive walks and mapping of rabbit warrens. For further information visit the ParkCare Initiative page.



Access from numerous points in the suburbs of Weetangera and Hawker.

Note: If you have difficulty accessing the information in this map please contact Access Canberra on 13 22 81.

Download a PDF map

About Canberra Nature Park

Canberra Nature Park is made up of over 35 reserves ranging from bushland hills to some of the best examples of lowland native grassland and endangered ecological community of Yellow Box-Red Gum Grassy Woodland left in Australia. The ACT Parks and Conservation Service is responsible for managing Canberra Nature Park. For more information visit the Canberra Nature Park webpage.


The management of Canberra Nature Park is greatly assisted by a group of volunteers called ParkCare. ParkCare volunteers undertake a variety of activities including seed collection, plant propagation, tree planting, weed removal, erosion control, vegetation mapping and recording, water quality monitoring, raising community awareness and the maintenance and restoration of heritage places.

For more information visit ParkCare

Caring for Ngunnawal Country

The ACT Government acknowledges the Ngunnawal people as Traditional Custodians of the Canberra region, and their continuing sense of responsibility to preserve the spirit and stories of their ancestors throughout the landscape. Cultural values ;are also living and current, as much as an appreciation of the past. For more information visit Caring for Ngunnawal Country.

Canberra Nature Map

Report rare and endangered plant sightings via the Canberra Nature Map.


For more information on heritage tracks, visit Canberra Tracks which is a network of heritage signage that incorporates six self-drive routes leading to many of Canberra’s historic sites.

Prescribed burns

The ACT Parks and Conservation Service conducts prescribed burns throughout Canberra Nature Park.

More information and feedback

For more information or to provide feedback, contact Access Canberra on 13 22 81 or complete an online feedback form.