Natural temperate grassland is one of Australia’s most threatened ecosystems. In south-eastern Australia, 99.5% of the estimated pre-European natural temperate grassland has been destroyed or grossly altered. Loss of grassland habitat and the fragmentation and degradation of the remaining areas has had a severe impact on plants and animals that are dependent on grasslands.

Characteristic species of grasslands such as the Grassland Earless Dragon and the Striped Legless Lizard now survive only in
small and disconnected populations. The once extensive ‘wildflower’ displays provided by species of inter-tussock forbs are restricted to remnants of relatively undisturbed grassland.

The ACT Lowland Native Grassland Conservation Strategy builds on more than ten years of survey, monitoring, research, conservation planning and management in relation to lowland native grasslands inthe ACT and region.

CSIRO prepared a Report on Urban Grasslands for the ACT Government in 2005 to look for principles and alternative management treatments that would apply to different landscapes in the ACT, particularly public land.

The Grassy Ecosystems Management Kit is a guide to developing conservation management plans.