Government reports the Territory's greenhouse gas emissions in the greenhouse gas emissions inventory. The latest report is the ACT GHG Emissions Inventory Report 2017–18.
The table below shows the change in ACT emissions from 1989 to 2017-18 and the ACT's 2020 emissions reduction target.
Table: Summary of ACT emissions over time and 2020 target (kilotonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent)
ACT emissions are decreasing
The estimate of total greenhouse gas emissions for the ACT in 2017-18 was 3368 kt CO2-e, 14% lower than in 2016-17.
In 2017-18 the ACT emitted 8.09 tonnes of CO2-e per person, a reduction from 9.64 tonnes CO2-e per person in 2016-17.
The ACT has succeeded in reaching its target of peaking per capital greenhouse gas emissions by 2013.
Current and projected emissions by sector
In 2017-18, electricity accounted for 44% of ACT emissions, followed by transport (34%), natural gas (11%), industrial processes (8%) and waste (2%).
In 2020, once the ACT's electricity supply is 100% renewable most greenhouse gas emissions will be from transport (62%) and gas (22%).
Figure: Current and projected emissions by sector
Emissions from electricity
The ACT's target of 100% renewable electricity by 2020 will reduce emissions from electricity to zero from 2020 onwards. Although we have four solar farms within the ACT, most of the ACT's renewable electricity is generated outside the Territory under the innovative reverse auction, feed-in tariff program.
Because national greenhouse gas emissions factors for electricity (the amount of emissions produced in generating the electricity) are based on where the electricity generation takes place, the National Greenhouse Accounts Factor for New South Wales and ACT grid electricity, as published in the Australian National Greenhouse Accounts, does not reflect our renewable electricity success.
To address this, the ACT Government commissioned an Emissions factor projection report in 2017 to ensure our transition to renewable electricity is accurately reflected in reporting of emissions from electricity consumption. Canberrans can therefore see the emissions reductions associated with the renewable electricity they are supporting.
- ACT GHG Emissions Inventory Report 2016–17
- ACT electricity emissions factor projection report 2017
- ACT GHG Emissions Inventory Report 2015–16
- ACT Greenhouse Gas Inventory 2014–15
- ACT Greenhouse Gas Interim Inventory 2012-13 and 2013–14
- ACT Greenhouse Gas Inventory 2011–12
- ACT Greenhouse Gas Inventory 2010–11