Improve the Grazing Resource Base
Soils, pasture and groundcover inextricably linked in grazing management. This objective aims to support practice change on ACT grazing enterprises to improve soil health, promote healthy, diverse and resilient pastures and improve groundcover (above 80% regardless of season).
Achievement of optimal physical, chemical and biological soil health, and to reduce the offsite impacts of soil erosion.
ACT grazing, horse agistment and equestrian enterprises in rural districts across the ACT are the main focus for soil management. However this can also include other broad acre enterprises where appropriate, for example, free-range chickens.
Future Investment Focus
Trials and demonstrations to show best practise management including constraints on soil fertility, carbon store in soils and soil erosion management.
- Development of an ACT Region Soils Club to support landholders to do regular soil testing to map paddock fertility, soil carbon, soil food webs, soil constraints and landscape variability over time. Results of soil testing could be used to deliver targeted land management training to support strategic soil health goals on different soil types, land systems and production systems.
- Engagement of rural landholders in a pasture legume testing program to determine the effectiveness of legume nodulation, soil constraints impacting on legume nodulation and training to assist landholders to address these constraints.
- Use of hydrogeological mapping to identify areas of erosion risk and hazard and support training in appropriate land management for these areas.
- Trials and demonstration sites to show constraints impacting on soil fertility and legume health, carbon storage in agricultural soils, and soil erosion.
Building on existing investment
Under the ACT Regional Landcare Facilitator (RLF) Initiative, a number of ACT landholders participated in the Healthy Soils, Healthy Landscapes program and the proposed Soil Club will draw on soil testing done under previous programs to benchmark the current state of ACT rural soils.
Greening Australia and the ACT Catchment groups have undertaken a large variety of initiatives to improve soil management on farms across the ACT and surrounding region including incentives programs to address soil erosion, training courses, monitoring activities, and farm tours to raise awareness of soil-related issues.
For example, erosion control workshops were undertaken for Landcare Groups by Southern ACT Catchment Group in partnership with the RLF. This included low cost erosion control methods to manage erosion in areas of high conservation value. 17 Landcare groups constructed 18 erosion control structures through these workshops.
Increase the health of native perennial pastures for optimal production year-round in order to increase fertility, reduce introduced annual grass species in native pastures, reduce weed invasion, improve groundcover and increase on-farm biodiversity.
ACT grazing lands, horse agistment and equestrian enterprises. Could also have application in other broad acre enterprises such as free-range egg and chicken production.
Future investment focus
Investments will focus on grazing land in the ACT. Specific activities will be dependent upon the carrying capacity of the land and the impacts of grazing activities on these pastures.
Capacity building (field days, farm walks and other training) to raise awareness and share knowledge of a variety of programs such as the outcomes of the Meat and Livestock Australia Evergraze Program which focusses on native pasture management. Topics include grass identification, and strategic grazing and tactical management for enhancement of native grasses. Trials and demonstration projects will also promote best practice management of native grasses.
Building on Existing Investment
The ACT Regional Landcare Facilitator Initiative has undertaken a range of training initiatives with ACT rural landholders covering a range of topics which have been successful in building skills in management of ground cover, soil and pasture management.
support with enabling technology and information at local, district and regional scalesDesired Outcomes
Groundcover maintained at 80% or better in rural landscapes regardless of season and landholders supported with the knowledge and tools to enable this to happen.
ACT grazing, horse agistment and equestrian enterprises in all rural Districts within the ACT and cross-border where appropriate.
Future Investment Focus
Capacity building and facilitation to improve groundcover by increasing the number of rural landholders who:
- manage their farms according to land capability, using soil landscape, land capability and hydrogeological landscape mapping and expert advice.
- use in-field pasture assessments to determine groundcover, pasture biomass, digestibility to inform stocking rates and groundcover management;
- use web and digital-based stock and feed budgets to analyse, plan and implement improved stock and land management;
- use Bureau of Meteorology weather and climate forecasting tools and remotely-sensed national groundcover mapping to inform current and future land management, grazing management and stocking rates;
- use finer scale soil moisture and pasture growth data from district and regional soil moisture probes.
Incentives to support land management changes which improve groundcover, including subdivisional fencing and stock water infrastructure to improve grazing management and development of drought lot feeding facilities to take pressure off pastures during drought, and to support collection of finer scale soil moisture and pasture growth data, using district soil moisture probe stations in the region to inform improved land management. Cross-farm and cross-tenure collaboration to support coordinated mapping, monitoring and control programs across rural districts to reduce external grazing pressures from kangaroos, pigs deer and rabbits is also important.
Building on existing investment
Under the ACT Regional Landcare Facilitator Initiative, ACT rural landholders have been exposed to a range of groundcover, land capability, pasture management and stock management training courses including Top Lamb Crop, Landscan, Better Graze, Better Grow. In addition, some landholders have been supported to undertake farm planning through the Kick Start NRM and Agronomy Advice Small Grants program and have implemented on-ground works under the ACT Rural Grants program to achieve changes and improvements to their grazing management.